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cowpea in marathi

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They are one of the widely cultivated annual crops in India. पाटील शिक्षण संस्थेचे कृषी विज्ञान केंद्र, तळसंदे, जि. It is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease. Better … [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. Cowpea weevil, larvae and eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 o C for one hour. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [47], Cowpea is susceptible to nematode, fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases, which can result in substantial loss in yield. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground. 83,076 ha of Cowpeas in Malawi (DIIVA estimate) Hover over the pie chart for additional information (if available). Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. Cowpea in Hindi is called “Lobia”. [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. वाय. [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. [5] The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea. Niger is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer. "Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. The crop comes to harvest by 60 to 70 days. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. If anyone knows about them or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know. [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained. Cowpea 88: Recommended for cultivation throughout state. English. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea'. Italian millet: Setaria italica Syama dhan (Bengali), Ral Kang (Gujarati), Kangni (Hindi), Thene [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. मारवेल हे डोंगरी गवताप्रमाणे दिसते; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ असतात. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. Other names: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2. पेरणीसाठी ४० किलो बियाणे प्रतिहेक्‍टरी लागते. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. [30] Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. , Marathi मराठी Subscribe to receive new recipes straight to your inbox! [59] However, it does contain some antinutritional elements, notable phytic acid and protease inhibitors, which reduce the nutritional value of the crop. [27] In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. 2) Spread a black polyethylene sheet over the straw. स्टायलो या गवताची लागवड जून-जुलै महिन्यात करावी. Please Login to See your Information; Services for me. [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. (लेखक डी. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. नोटाबंदी,... कोल्हापूर : गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ. Search Products; Search for Buyers; Search for Farmers; Market Price; Advisory Board; Request for New Product Name; Weather Pearl Millet: Pennisetum typhoides Bajra (Bengali, Hindi, Oriya), Bajri (Gujarati, Marathi), Sajje (Kannada), Bajr’u (Kashmiri), Cambu (Malayalam, Tamil), Sazzalu (Telugu). | Twitter Cowpea. * आपण नोटिफिकेशनसंबंधी हवे ते बदल ब्राऊजर सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. Walp. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. English. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. [71] The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali. धन-समृद्धि से युक्त बड़े बड़े राज्यों के राजा-महाराजाओं की तुलना भी उस चींटी से नहीं की जा सकती है जिसमें ईश्वर का प्रेम भरा हो। - श्री गुरु नानक देव [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). Many names are missing. Rar. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. Sharing an easy recipe of a Maharashtrian style chawli bhaji which I often make at home. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. Just Organik Cowpea is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it; Cowpeas are also known as ‘Lobia’ or ‘Chawli’ in Hindi, Bobbarlu or Alasandalu in Telugu, ‘Karamani’ in Tamil, ‘Chavli’ in Marathi and ‘Alasande’ in Kannada As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. Four kg of buffaloes for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea. [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. In hindi language, long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in marathi known as chawlichya shenga. हेक्‍टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते. [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. अंतरावर काकऱ्या मारून या गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी. It is also called “Bobbarlu” in Telugu, “Karamani” in Tamil, “Chavli” in Marathi and “Alasande” in Kannada. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. मिश्र पिकासाठी २० किलो बियाणे लागते. [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. The first column consists of their names in English, whilst the second column consists of their names translated in Hindi.The names of the legumes, lentils are listed in alphabetical order. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. पंढरपुरी पेढ्याला भाविकांची पसंती; आषाढीसाठी बाहेरूनही येतात पेढे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News (मराठी बातम्या). The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. Cowpea Varieties / Cowpea Cultivars. Anonymous said... From cell phones users to see the specific situation of occupational segmentation in 2009, accounting for 19.5% of students dropped 21.2 percent over last year, other types of occupations than those last year, the proportion of Internet users cheap cell phones increase. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. [73] In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). [42][43] The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. चवळी : चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. Cowpea. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. When it is hot, add to it cinnamon, cloves and peppercorns.When they begin to sizzle, add the mustard, cumin and carom seeds. [19][21] Their texture and colour are very diverse. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. लागणीसाठी दोन डोळ्यांच्या हेक्‍टरी २० ते २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea '. फुले क्रांती ही या पिकाची महत्त्वपूर्ण जात आहे. NAMES OF FOODSTUFFS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES CEREAL GRAINS AND PRODUCTS 1. या पिकाची कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने करता येते. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Golden mosaic virus and Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an average pod yield of 140-150 q/ha. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. Its pods are large and seeds are bold having chocolate brown seed color. Jav. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. Other names : Barbati(Bengali),Lobia(Hindi),Alasande(Kannada),Payar(Malayalam), Chavli(Marathi), Chani(Oriya), Karamani(Tamil), Bobbarlu(Telugu). Agrowon च्या महत्वाच्या बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे २०० ते २५० क्विंटल प्रतिहेक्‍टरी उत्पादन मिळते. Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). हे द्विदल वर्गातील बहुवार्षिक चारापीक असून, यामध्ये १५ ते १६ टक्के प्रथिने असतात. [6] Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. MEDICINAL VALUE : Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. Lobia seeds are amazing sources of Protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one of the most economical superfoods. Vegetable names in English, Hindi, Marathi and Kannada. As a guide polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment. [4] While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'cowpea'. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). संपर्क : सुधीर सूर्यगंध - ९८२२६११९३४ Cowpea seed is a nutritious component in the human diet, as well as a nutritious livestock feed.The protein in cowpea seed is rich in the amino acids, lysine and tryptophan, compared to cereal grains. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत... पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी... कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये... सोलापूर ः ग्रामदैवत सिद्धरामेश्‍वर महाराजांच्या... पुणे ः शेतीमध्ये मातीपासून ते बाजारपेठेपर्यंत... पुणे: राज्यातील शेतकरी कष्टपूर्वक शेती करताना... पुणे ः देशात यंदा तूर उत्पादनात घटीचा अंदाज आहे.... नवी दिल्ली ः शेतकरी नेते कृषी कायदे रद्द... पुणे ः विदर्भाच्या अनेक भागांत थंडी चांगलीच वाढली... जळगाव ः खानदेशात कांदेबाग केळीची लागवड सुमारे एक... नागपूर : शेतकऱ्यांच्या मालाला शहरात बाजारपेठ... मेहकर (जि. Adam D. Steinbrenner, Maria Muñoz-Amatriaín, Antonio F. Chaparro, Jessica Montserrat Aguilar-Venegas, Sassoum Lo, Satohiro Okuda, Gaetan Glauser, Julien Dongiovanni, Da Shi, Marlo Hall, Daniel Crubaugh, Nicholas Holton, Cyril Zipfel, Ruben Abagyan, Ted C. J. Turlings, Timothy J. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. in english it has various names – yard long bean, long-podded cowpea, asparagus bean, pea bean, snake bean, cow pea beans or Chinese long bean. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. Helps induce urination and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. [50] CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. चवळीचा चारा हिरवा किंवा वाळवून देता येतो. [17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. [49] The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. हे गवत गायरान, कुरण, शेताचे बांध यावर लावण्यासाठी योग्य आहे. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. The Glossary of legumes and lentils or pulses used mainly in Indian Cuisine is presented here. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01.

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