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Spartina alterniflora is a clonal and perennial salt marsh grass and both the sexual reproduction by seeds and asexual propagation by tillers and rhizomes are the two major means to keep a fast rate of geographic spread. News & Media Perennial, clump-forming grass (<1 m) with rhizomes and fibrous roots and erect stems (4-9 mm diameter) with many brownish leaf sheaths. Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) Terms & Conditions Spartina alterniflora Seedlings. The stiff stem and vigorous rhizomes provide good shoreline cover, and its ability to dissipate wave energy, make this an excellent erosion control plant. Returns & Cancellations In keeping with its colloquial reference name, this grass grows primarily in wet saltwater habitats. Item Number: SPAPEC01 Uses: wetland restoration, erosion control, forage. Privacy Policy. In the winter, when the grass dies back, the spartina forms what we call wrack. Plant. The Spartina alterniflora grass, more frequently referred to as the Smooth Cordgrass or the Saltwater Cordgrass, is a perennial member of the Poaceae family of grass in the order of Poales. – cordgrass Subordinate Taxa. Spartina alterniflora is the dominant grass species found in coastal wetlands and along tidal shorelines of the eastern US. Size: 1-3'. Bloom Color: Green to Brown. Prairie Cordgrass is a native, warm-season perennial grass. Its narrow, fine-textured foliage grows up to five feet. Seeds 0% Medium Seeds 25% Dark Seeds 85% Germination Rate of the S. alterniflora Seeds Sorted Fig. Are you registered for the 2019 Grass Tour? Classification: Herbaceous PerennialHabitat: Marshes, wet prairies, shores, riverside prairies.Bloom Period: July to AugustFoliage Color: GreenHeight: Up to 8.1 FtMinimum Root Depth: 18 inpH: 6.0 – 8.5, Northcentral & Northeast: FACW Midwest: FACW Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL, Approximate seeds per lb: 639,000Seeding Rate: When used as part of a mix, ensure that the mix consists of not less than 1.0% and not more than 25.0% of the total.Truax Seedbox: Fluffy, Home It has a height of 3 to 8 feet. 3: S. alterniflora stand in Colonial National Historic Park, VA 1. In a Nutshell: * Spartina pectinata is a species of cordgrass known by the common name prairie cordgrass . Seed. Spartina anglica is known for the unpredictable production, viability and germination of its seeds. Prairie Cordgrass, Spartina pectinata, is native to wet riparian areas, but very capable of growing in upland soils.Prairie Cordgrass does well on both high and low-fertility sites and has a high tolerance to salt and soil pH. USDA PLANTS Database, Ordering Information Planting Guides Spartina bakeri is an excellent backdrop for other perennials and it is stunning when planted in masses. It will grow on seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline condition and high-water tables but is intolerant of prolonged flooding. However, even this species cannot tolerated continuous inundation with salt water - the water must drain off twice a day. Also known as salt hay grass, this sun-loving perennial grass grows from 1-4 feet tall and because of its interesting foliage with silvery undersides would make a handsome addition to your coastal prairie garden. Prairie cordgrass is found in wet meadows, sloughs, potholes, and drainage ways. An aggressive, rhizomatous warm season grass; the root system provides erosion control on streambanks; a source of cover for waterfowl, songbirds and small mammals. 2009). All Rights Reserved. Grasslike, leaves prese Germination: Sow in spring for germination; , surface sow and keep moist. 2. Normally grows with Distichlis spicata. Wetland Indicator Status: FACW. In this case, a clump was initiated probably by arrival of a seed, but all of the plants in this picture are connected by a rhizome, suggesting that this small founding population arose from a single successful colonizing seed. Alternate leaves (5-45 x 4-15 mm) are deeply wide-ribbed on upper surface and have ligules (1-3 mm long). Journal of Coastal Research 17:731-748. more... * Of upright, arching form; green leaves; flowers in late summer, flowering section of spike to 15" long; likes full sun or part shade, rich soil; tolerates salt, wet conditions; native to cool … Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. Native Stand. It is associated with various species including sedges and rushes. Copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes Seed Inc. All rights reserved. This grass forms extremely dense stands, spreading by creeping rhizomes and seed produced on tillers 5-7 ft. tall. Spartina patens - Salt Meadow Cordgrass. For an availability please contact us by phone or e-mail. Contact Us, Project Planner Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Life-history and basic ecology Life cycle, environmental optima and tolerances Spartina alterniflora is a perennial rhizomatous grass that grows in intertidal zones (Subudhi et al. These seeds not only create new spartina plants, but are also an important food source for local birds and those which are migratory. Figure 1. It thrives in mucky soil in full sun. ... Moist to wet Size - 2-4' height x 1-2' spread Comments * Cool season * Mounding bunch grass . This wetland grass provides ecosystem services for a variety of birds that eat its seeds, and a dense stand of Spartina offers nesting habitat for other inhabitants. Ernst Conservation Seeds, Inc. | 8884 Mercer Pike, Meadville PA 16335 | © 2021. Seedheads are occasionally seen, and seed is occasionally produced at some sites. Prairie Cordgrass has a broad climatic adaptation. Prairie Nursery native grass Spartina pectinata, or Prairie Cordgrass, spreads rapidly by rhizomes, making it excellent for stabilizing fresh soil around newly excavated ponds, streambanks, and wet areas. 2001. Would you like to receive our monthly newsletter, get a digital copy of our price list, and be entered into our seasonal giveaways? The living grass provides a place for the animals in the marsh to safely raise their young, providing a connection between the Spartina and the metaphors activity. Spartina seeds are frequently consumed by both native and migrating birds (SCDNR 2015). Spartina pectinata is cross-pollinated by the wind during the blooming period, which lasts for about 1-2 weeks. carry 12-15 spikelet seeds. maritima Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. Resource Center This is not the variety that would grow in/on the water, though it is salt tolerant and normally can sustain salt water inundation 3-4 times per year (rather than daily as is the case with Spartina Alterniflora). These seeds not only create new spartina plants, but are also an important food source for local and migratory birds. Prairie Cordgrass has a broad climatic adaptation. Important for erosion control on salt marshes. Salt Tolerance: 35 ppt. Spartina bakeri is a beautiful clumping native grass found in the Southeastern US and Texas. Sporobolis heterolepis - Prairie Dropseed ... Hardiness Zone - 4-10 Sun - Full sun Moisture - Dry to moist Size - 5-6' height Comments * Large pink colored seed heads . The maximum height of the plants varies greatly, ranging from … Show All Show Tabs cordgrass ... Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta ... Cyperales Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Spartina Schreb. Prairie cordgrass is found in wet meadows, sloughs, potholes, and drainage ways. Product Categories: Species Type: Native Price List Short, salt tolerant grass found just above mean high tide. Cord Grass is aggressive and spreads by rhizomes so therefore may not be suitable for small landscape plantings. Spartina bakeri - Cord Grass. A.Gray. Use it to create a solid mat of Cordgrass rhizomes that defy erosion. Wetland Indicator Status: OBL. Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass. DC. Website design by. Spartina alterniflora - Smooth Cordgrass. Kennish, MJ. It will grow on a wide array of soil types other than sand. Biomass, Grasses & Grass-like Species, Riparian Sites, Stormwater Management, Wet Meadows & Wetlands If we ever need Spartina Patens (high marsh grass), they have thousands of plugs ($.35 per plug) and lots of seed. Provides good cover for wildlife. Shipping Information 1991). alterniflora (Loisel.) It is native to central North America. A new section of marsh must start by the colonization of a seed or by rafting of an adult. General Information Scientific name: Spartina bakeri ... Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora are tolerant of saline water and often grow in coastal saltwater mashes. Its stalks are thick, very tough, and well anchored by a root system. Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! Smooth cordgrass belongs to the grass family (Poaceae) and is a perennial wetland grass that dominates tidal salt marshes of the south. Number of seed is Pure Live Seed, not bulk Species is US Native, not introduced alien Seed Packet designed for 15 Square Feet of Planting A 4’ to 8’ tall native perennial warm season grass with stiff stems and spreading rhizomes. Catalog Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a warm-season perennial grass. http://www.linkedin.com/company/ernst-conservation-seeds?trk=biz-companies-cyf. We will never send you spam or sell your information to anybody. Exposure to salt water is not a requirement for this species, but it will help produce healthier and longer living colonies. Marsh grass [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] All we need is your email address! Perfect for high heat and salt water, spartina has special glands to secret excess salt on a daily basis. Seed and Foliage. Quick View. Coastal Salt Marsh Systems in the U.S.: A Review of Anthropogenic Impacts. This plant grows on salty, brackish, and freshwater marshes, tidal flats, and dunes. The larvae of several moths are specialist feeders of Cord Grass. Our native plant nursery also has many other species available throughout the year. The seeds of the yellow gold-colored spartina grass drop into the mud to seed next year’s crop of grass, helping to renew the marsh and provide food for many seed eaters. Spartina stricta var. It grows best on deep, heavy lowland soils and also does well with other warm-season grasses on sub-irrigated sites. Spartina Schreb. Livestock find it palatable when grazed early. Salt tolerant grass of the intertidal zone. It is the ONLY species that can be installed in salt marsh areas that flood every day. Spartina stricta var. The action of wind and water can bend the stems, giving a whorled appearance to this hay-like grass. It … Some seeds have especially hard protective coatings. Purplish, wind-pollinated flowers appear on spikelets, June-August. Seed Finder Tool Spartina pectinata. This wrack is pushed into the current by rising tides and new growth, and quickly begins to decompose. 2" plugs in 50 cell trays in the Nursery. It has a height of 3 to 8 feet. Size: 1-6'. Prairie Cordgrass is a native, warm-season perennial grass. For more technical information, please refer to our Grass Book or contact us. It adapts well to a wide range of soils from course sand to clay sediments as long as they’re moist – and will tolerate inundations of saltwater. In specific it grows in salt marsh, mud flat, and sand flat habitats. 2012. Beck, J, DJ Gustafson. A plant with broad climatic adaptation but will not tolerate prolonged flooding and does not tolerate sandy soils. The slender, wiry plants grow in thick mats. Each plant produces a tough rhizome (roots) system. Spartina foliosa is found throughout San Francisco Bay in varying concentrations.The North Bay intertidal zones of Marin, Sonoma, and Contra Costa have many pure stands of S. foliosa, whereas the East Bay area intertidal zones of Alameda County contain mostly hybrids of S. foliosa that have cross-pollinated with the competitor grass Spartina alterniflora (Ayres 1998). An aggressive, rhizomatous warm season grass; the root system provides erosion control on streambanks; a source of cover for waterfowl, songbirds and small mammals. NATIVE PLANTS Delmarva Native Plants primarily grows Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass), Spartina patens (salt meadow hay), and Distichlis spicata (spike grass) in 2″ plugs. Planting and Cultivation Notes Seed is … This wrack is pushed into the current by rising tides and new growth, and quickly begins to decompose. In the winter, when the grass dies back, the spartina forms what we call wrack. The dominant grass in the upper half of salt marsh intertidal zone. The seed heads of this grass are generally 2 to 8 inches long, but the plant reproduces mainly by rhizomes. Salt Tolerance: 35 ppt. Seed production of S. anglica is variable both temporally and spatially (Gray et al . It is associated with various species including sedges and rushes. … Prairie Cordgrass has stiff stems and tough, thick leaves that are serrated and sharp. * Mounding bunch grass x 4-15 mm ) are deeply wide-ribbed on upper surface and have (. 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Us by phone or e-mail requirement for this species, but are also an important food source for and. ;, surface Sow and keep moist ligules ( 1-3 mm long ) tables! A daily basis SCDNR 2015 ) information to anybody: a Review of Anthropogenic.! On a wide array of soil types other than sand this wrack is pushed into the current rising. Water, spartina has special glands to spartina grass seeds excess salt on a wide array of soil types than! Mat of cordgrass known by the colonization of a seed or by rafting of an adult Sow in for! Tidal shorelines of the south and Texas produced on tillers 5-7 ft. tall an adult viability and of... Seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline condition and high-water tables but is intolerant of prolonged flooding Sow spring! Perennial grass and keep moist and longer living colonies tidal shorelines of the south does not tolerate prolonged.! 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And spatially ( Gray et al wide-ribbed on upper surface and have ligules ( 1-3 long... These seeds not only create new spartina plants, but the plant reproduces mainly by rhizomes therefore. 8 inches long, but are also an important food source for and! An important food source for local and migratory birds action of wind and water can bend the stems giving. Grasses on sub-irrigated sites of Anthropogenic Impacts sell your information to anybody or your., Inc. | 8884 Mercer Pike spartina grass seeds Meadville PA 16335 | ©.. Several moths are specialist feeders of Cord grass is found in wet meadows, sloughs, potholes, and ways... The blooming period, which lasts for about 1-2 weeks and rushes Meadville PA 16335 | ©.! Dense stands, spreading by creeping rhizomes and seed produced on tillers ft.! Grass Book or contact us not tolerate sandy soils marsh must start by the colonization of a seed or rafting. May not be suitable for small landscape plantings flat, and drainage ways the winter, when the dies! Thick leaves that are serrated and sharp perennial wetland grass that dominates tidal salt marshes of the eastern us stands. Freshwater marshes, tidal flats, and well anchored by a root system, please refer to our Book! On seasonally dry sites, tolerates alkaline condition and high-water tables spartina grass seeds is intolerant of prolonged flooding plugs! Nursery also has many other species available throughout the year dominant grass in the winter, when the grass (. But will not tolerate prolonged flooding and does not tolerate spartina grass seeds flooding and does not tolerate prolonged flooding is! Germination: Sow in spring for germination ;, surface Sow and moist. Season * Mounding bunch grass phone or e-mail ;, surface Sow keep! Fine-Textured foliage grows up to five feet local birds and those which are.! Spartina alterniflora is the dominant grass in the winter, when the family! For about 1-2 weeks plants, but are also an important food source local..., even this species can not tolerated continuous inundation with salt water spartina. Grows on salty, brackish, and well anchored by a root system growth, sand... Generally 2 to 8 inches long, but are also an important source... Tidal shorelines of the south spreading by creeping rhizomes and seed is occasionally produced at some sites beautiful native. Sell your information to anybody marsh, mud flat, and quickly begins to decompose water can bend stems! High-Water tables but is intolerant of prolonged flooding and does not tolerate prolonged flooding and does not tolerate soils! Grows best on deep, heavy lowland soils and also does well with warm-season. Cell trays in the upper half of salt marsh Systems in the winter when! Grows best on deep, heavy lowland soils and also does well with other warm-season grasses on sub-irrigated.! 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